References and Citations: Part 3—More Referencing Styles

References and Citations: Part 3—More Referencing Styles

As we previously discussed in Part 1 and Part 2 of this series, there are several styles of referencing.  As a recap: all reference styles tend to include similar elements: the title, author, and date, but they have different formatting conventions (i.e., the order of the elements, capitalization, etc.).  Often times, dissertation committees will ask you to use the reference style most commonly used in that discipline; however, your university may prefer the use of a different referencing system, so check with your professor or syllabus.

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References and Citations: Part 2—Referencing Styles

References and Citations: Part 2—Referencing Styles

There are several styles of referencing.  Different referencing and citation styles have developed to address the specific needs of disciplines.  All reference styles tend to include similar elements, such as the title, author, and date, but they have different formatting conventions (i.e., the order of the elements, capitalization, etc.) to those familiar with that specific style.

Publishers developed rules of style for specific manuscript structure, punctuation, graphics, and references to move an idea forward to achieve clarity of communication of that field.  It may seem like academic entities can't agree, but authors write for different purposes and different audiences, so the citation styles reflect that.  We continue to use different citation styles for two reasons: disciplinary differences and tradition. 

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Everything You Need to Know About References and Citations: Part 1

Everything You Need to Know About References and Citations: Part 1

When you conduct your research, it is important to record the details of all the information you find to provide accurate references, and to assist you or the reviewers to locate the information again later.  Many styles are used for citation referencing.  When you are given thesis or dissertation guidelines, check which style of referencing your advisor or committee asks you to use.  If you don’t check, and you use a style that is not the one stated in your guidelines, you could lose points. 

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